What Are cookies?
Cookies are small text strings that, sites visited by the user, are sent to his terminal (usually the browser), where they are stored before being re-transmitted to the same sites at the next visit by the same user.
During the navigation of a site, you can get on your terminals cookies that are even sent by different sites or web server (so-called “third party cookies”), which can reside on some elements (such as, for example, images, maps, sounds, links to specific pages in other domains) on the same site that you are visiting. Cookies, usually found in the users’ browser in very large number and sometimes with characteristics of long persistence time, are used for different purposes: execution of authentication information, monitoring sessions, storing information about specific configurations about users who access the server, etc.
What are the main types of cookies?
The measure of 8 May 2014 the Italian Data Protection Authority has distinguished two main categories: “technical” and “profiling” cookies.
- Technical cookies
Technical cookies are those used for the sole purpose of “carrying out the transmission of a communication over an electronic communications network, or as strictly necessary for the provider of an information society service explicitly requested by the subscriber or user to provide this service.
They are not used for other purposes and are usually installed by the owner or operator of the website. They can be divided into navigational cookies or browsing session cookies, which guarantee the normal navigation and use of the website (allowing, for example, to make a purchase or authenticate for access to restricted areas); analytics cookies, similar to cookies where technicians used directly by the site operator to collect information, in aggregate, the number of users and how they visit the site; cookie functionality, which allow the user browsing function of a set of selected criteria (for example, the language, the products selected for purchase) in order to improve the service rendered to the user.
Under the current regulations for the installation of these cookies, prior consent of the users is not required.
- Profiling cookies
Profiling cookies are aimed at creating user profiles and are used to send advertising messages in line with the preferences shown by the same user when surfing the internet. Given the considerable invasiveness that such devices may be part of the private sphere of the users, the European and Italian legislation requires the user to be properly informed on the use of the cookies and express their valid consent.
Session and Persistent Cookies:
Session cookies contain the information that is used in your current browser session. These cookies are automatically deleted when you close the browser. Nothing is stored on your computer after the time of use of the site.
Persistent cookies are used to maintain the information that is used in the period between access to the website, or used for technical purposes and to improve navigation on the site. This data allows sites to recognize that you are an already known user or visitor and adapt accordingly. “Persistent” cookies have a duration that is set by the website and can vary from a few minutes to several years.
Cookies of the owner of this site and cookies of third parties
You must take into account the different subject that installs cookies on user’s terminal. This subject could be the owner of the site t the user is visiting (which can be briefly referred to as “publisher” or “Owner”) or a different subject owner of another site that installs cookies through the first Owner (“third party”).
Therefore, there will be:
- the owner’s cookies, created and readable by the site that created them;
- third-party cookies, which are created and readable by domains external to the site and whose data are stored by this third party.
Which cookies use this website, what are their main features and how to deny consent to each of these cookies
This website may send the user the following cookies and briefly described, for the purposes specified below.
- Technical cookies of the owner:
They are used to make the CMS platform work. They do not collect private, personal or other data and are intended as “session”, i.e. they are removed automatically when the window is closed.
- Main third-party cookies:
Google AdWords: https://policies.google.com/technologies/ads?hl=en-GB
Lead Forensics: https://www.leadforensics.com/privacy-and-cookies
How to manage your cookies via web browser
You can manage your cookie preferences also via browser.
If you do not know the type and version of browser you are using you can click on “Help” in the browser window at the top, from which you can access all the necessary information. If you know your browser, click to access the cookies management page. If you wish, you can follow the procedures listed below to disable cookies:
Microsoft Windows Explorer