What Are Cookies?
Cookies are small text strings that, sites visited by the user, are sent to his terminal (usually the browser), where they are stored before being re-transmitted to the same sites at the next visit by the same user. During the navigation of a site, you can get on your terminals cookies that are even sent by different sites or web server (so-called “third party cookies”), which can reside on some elements (such as, for example, images, maps, sounds, links to specific pages in other domains) on the same site that you are visiting. Cookies, usually found in the users’ browser in very large number and sometimes with characteristics of long persistence time, are used for different purposes: execution of authentication information, monitoring sessions, storing information about specific configurations about users who access the server, etc.
What are the main types of cookies?
The measure of 8 May 2014 the Italian Data Protection Authority has distinguished two main categories: “technical” and “profiling” cookies.
- Technical Cookies
Technical cookies are those used for the sole purpose of “carrying out the transmission of a communication over an electronic communications network, or as strictly necessary for the provider of an information society service explicitly requested by the subscriber or user to provide this service “(cf. article 122, paragraph 1, of the Code). They are not used for other purposes and are usually installed by the owner or operator of the website. Can be divided into navigational cookies or browsing session cookies, which guarantee the normal navigation and use of the website (allowing, for example, to make a purchase or authenticate for access to restricted areas); analytics cookies, similar to cookies where technicians used directly by the site operator to collect information, in aggregate, the number of users and how they visit the site; cookie functionality, which allow the user browsing function of a set of selected criteria (for example, the language, the products selected for purchase) in order to improve the service rendered to the user.
Under the current regulations for the installation of these cookies, prior consent of the users is not required.
- Profiling cookies
Profiling cookies are aimed at creating user profiles and are used to send advertising messages in line with the preferences shown by the same user when surfing the internet. Given the considerable invasiveness that such devices may be part of the private sphere of the users, the European and Italian legislation requires the user to be properly informed on the use of the cookies and express their valid consent. They refer to the art. 122 of the Privacy Code where it states that “the storage of information in the terminal equipment of a contractor or a user or access to information already stored, are only allowed on condition that the contractor or the user has given consent after he/she has been informed by the simplified procedures referred to in Article 13 Data Protection Code, paragraph 3 “.
To refuse consent to the use of one or more cookies you can follow the procedures listed below to disable such use by major browsers:
Microsoft Windows Explorer